One of the main arguments of the emerging field of political psychology is that our voting decisions are often not the result of careful evaluation and deliberation processes, but instead considered to be strongly linked to our psychological makeup.
In his book “21 Lessons for the 21st Century”, the historian and public intellectual Yuval Noah Harari argues that our hunter-gatherer brains are not capable to fully grasp the scale of moral dilemmas that confront us today.
Although he significantly benefited from uninterrupted media attention throughout his presidency, Donald Trump never had to rely on the infrastructure of traditional media outlets throughout his political ascent and years in office.
In 1992, the American political scientist Francis Fukuyama published his famous essay The End of History, in which he argued that with the end of the Cold War and the fall of the Soviet Union, humanity had reached an end-point in its ideological evolution.
Political leaders have the choice between two options when confronted with a divided society: they can either take these divisions as given and try to counteract through cooperation and compromise, or they can work to overcome polarization by focussing on the underlying drivers.